Completed PAMS Projects


Institutionalising the Water Resources Users Associations (WRUAs) FORUM of Ewaso Ng'iro North River Basin, Kenya
Duration: August 2011 to July 2012
Executing Agency: CETRADWater Resources Management Authority (WRMA)
Partners: CDE
Located in the northwestern highland–lowland systems of Mt. Kenya, this PAMS continued the work of a previous project implemented in the region. In the prior project, a forum was established that brought together 20 Water Resource User Associations (WRUAs) belonging to the Ewaso Ngiro north river basin. This PAMS secured the long-term existence of the forum. In addition to the WRUAs, the forum involves government institutions and NGOs. The activities implemented in this PAMS included drafting the forum’s constitution and bylaws, registering the forum, implementing the first annual general meeting, and leading a basin-wide excursion to sensitise forum members to the water situation in the river basin. The project concluded by turning the forum over to its members. 

Voices of Youth: Initiating Social Learning Processes Through The Use of Videos
Duration: February to October 2011
Executing Agency: Videmus
Partners: Swiss TPH
Tanzania has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the world. In this PAMS project, adolescents in Dar es Salaam and Mtwara Town in Tanzania planned, designed, and developed videos on teenage pregnancy with the facilitation of the Kenya-/Swiss-based video producers Videmus. These videos were then presented to and discussed with policymakers in a workshop. The PAMS raised awareness among all involved participants – youths and policymakers – and contributed to youth empowerment. They experienced their voices being heard and policymakers taking an interest in their lives. Cooperation with Videmus contributed to a very professional implementation of the original project idea – the DVD is a source of valuable information that may be used in the future.

Download DVD flyer (PDF 172 KB)
View video on production process
View video by youth in Dar es Salaam
View video by youth in Mtwara


Enhancing RWUAs Potential through Training and Regional Integration in the upper Ewaso Ngiro basin, Kenya
Duration: January 2009 to December 2010
Executing Agency: Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA), Nanyuki
Partners: CDE
This PAMS project was part of a larger research-based initiative for sustainable water management in the Mt. Kenya region. Its main objective was to strengthen River Water User Associations (RWUAs) and to promote integration between RWUAs from upstream and downstream. The project succeeded in fostering negotiation processes on the use of water. As a result of the PAMS, a Water Forum was established, and twenty RWUAs agreed to participate in this institutionalised form of dialogue. The Kenyan Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA) included the Forum in its water governance agenda.


Model-based capacity building for sustainable water management
Duration: March 2009 to November 2010
Executing Agency: Centre for Integrated Training and Research in Arid and Semi-Arid Land Development (CETRAD), Nanyuki
Partners: CDE
This PAMS tested the practicality of a software which simulates the effect of different water management schemes on water flow and agricultural production along a river in a catchment area (upper Ewaso Ngiro river). This software was presented to stakeholders in Kenya. Different scenarios were created by the stakeholders and tested with the simulation model, with the help of researchers. The PAMS showed that the software fulfils its aim of providing a sound basis for decision-making. However, the use of the software requires specific technical knowledge. A more user-friendly interface needs to be developed which allows stakeholders to use the software directly.


Strengthening Resilience through a Participatory Approach to Improved Management of Human Waste in Unplanned Urban Settlements in Chang'ombe, Dodoma, Tanzania
Duration: March 2008 to April 2009
Executing Agency: Maji na Maendeleo ya Dodoma (MAMADO), Dodoma; Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre (IHRDC), Dar es Salaam
Partners: Sandec/Eawag
In an unplanned settlement in Dodoma, Tanzania, inhabitants selected three model sanitation facilities out of a range of alternatives,to be constructed in public places (e.g. a school). The inhabitants expressed their willingness to adopt these facilities for their own homes, but could not afford them. After the PAMS was completed, the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) established a microfinance system which enables inhabitants to purchase the facilities. This PAMS was embedded in NCCR North-South research dealing with the participatory planning of improved sanitation systems in resource-scarce contexts.




For regional PAMS information:
Boniface Kiteme, Regional Coordinator, East Africa

For general PAMS information:
Eva Maria Heim, Coordinator of Partnership Actions