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Protection: A Means for Sustainable Development?
Wallner, Astrid
The Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Site (WHS) comprises landscapes that are shaped by centuries of traditional agricultural use. Given the dramatic changes in the agricultural sector, the risk faced by cultural landscapes in the Region is possibly greater than that faced by the natural landscape inside the perimeter of the WHS. Maintaining the right balance between preservation of the WHS and promotion of sustainable regional development constitutes a key challenge for management of the WHS. This process made it possible to jointly define the present situation and thus create a basis for legitimising future action. From this participatory process, a link between the concepts of ‘protected area’ and sustainable development in the region emerged. Download
Bewertung landschaftsrelevanter Projekte im Schweizer Alpenraum
Baumgart, Kati
PhD Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland For further information, please contact the author
Evaluation of landscape development projects in the Swiss Alps
Baumgart, Kati
PhD Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland For further information please contact the author
Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt
Wallner, Astrid
Bern, Haupt Verlag
The Metropolisation of the Leman Crescent
Bassand, Michel
In: Schneider M, Eisinger A. editors. 2003. Urbanscape Switzerland: Investigations and Case Studies on Topology and Regional Development in Switzerland. Basel, Birkhäuser. Order from: Birkhäuser
Tourismus als Schlüssel zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung in der Welterbe-Region Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn (Schweiz).
Wallner, Astrid
In: Luger, Kurt & Wöhler, Karlheinz (eds). Welterbe und Tourismus. Schützen und Nützen aus einer Perspektive der Nachhaltigkeit. Reihe Tourismus: transkulturell und transdisziplinär. Innsbruck: Studien Verlag. pp. 197-216.
Erosion Damage Mapping: Assessing Current Soil Erosion Damage in Switzerland
Ledermann, Thomas
Advances in GeoEcology 39:263-283
Researchers' roles in knowledge co-production: Experience from sustainability research in Kenya, Switzerland, Bolivia and Nepal
Pohl, Christian
Co-production of knowledge between academic and non-academic communities is a prerequisite for research aiming at more sustainable development paths. Sustainability researchers face three challenges in such co-production: (a) addressing power relations; (b) interrelating different perspectives on the issues at stake; and (c) promoting a previously negotiated orientation towards sustainable development. A systematic comparison of four sustainability research projects in Kenya (vulnerability to drought), Switzerland (soil protection), Bolivia and Nepal (conservation vs. development) shows how the researchers intuitively adopted three different roles to face these challenges: the roles of reflective scientist, intermediary, and facilitator of a joint learning process. From this systematized and iterative self-reflection on the roles that a researcher can assume in the indeterminate social space where knowledge is co-produced, we draw conclusions regarding training. Science and Public Policy 37(4):267-281. DOI: 10.3152/030234210X496628
Swiss Policy Actors in the Global Forum on Migration and Development 2011
Babel, Anna
The thesis explored how the main Swiss policy actors positioned themselves in the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) 2011 under the chairmanship of Switzerland. The aim of the research was to identify the main policy actors in Switzerland who were active in the GFMD process 2011 and to disclose how they positioned themselves and what they contributed to the GFMD process and in return how the GFMD influenced the work of the main Swiss policy actors. Download
Between Conservation and Development
Wiesmann, Urs
This article presents an empirical interdisciplinary study of an extensive participatory process that was carried out in 2004 in the recently established World Natural Heritage Site "Jungfrau–Aletsch–Bietschhorn” in the Swiss Alps. The study used qualitative and quantitative empirical methods of social science to address the question of success factors in establishing and concretizing a World Heritage Site. Mountain Research and Development 2005, Vol 25 No 2, pp. 128–138
Die Jungfrau – unermesslich schön?
Droz, Marcel
Master's Thesis, University of Salzburg, Austria Die touristisch enorm attraktive Hochgebirgslandschaft des Welterbe-Gebiets steht in direkter Wechselbeziehung mit der Umgebungslandschaft. Das sich daraus ergebende Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Schutz und Nutzung lässt die langfristige Sicherung der von der UNESCO ausgezeichneten Alleinstellungsmerkmale als grosse Herausforderung erscheinen. Erschwerend für das Gebietsmanagement kommt hinzu, dass die Natur- und Kulturlandschaft durch naturbedingte Veränderungsprozesse (Stichwort Klimawandel) sowie durch den (land-)wirtschaftlichen Strukturwandel fortwährend überprägt wird. Deshalb sind Monitoring- und Controllinginstrumente erforderlich, um Veränderungen zu erkennen und ihren Einfluss auf die Werte und Potenziale des Welterbes einschätzen zu können. Während Datengrundlagen aus bestehenden Monitoringsystemen in einzelnen Bereichen eine wertvolle Ausgangslage darstellen, fehlt bislang ein operationeller Ansatz zur Identifizierung und Überwachung der von der UNESCO dem Gebiet attestierten aussergewöhnlichen natürlichen Schönheit und ästhetischen Bedeutung. Die Operationalisierung von Landschaftsästhetik stellt damit das Kernstück dieser Arbeit dar. Download
Modelling of an influenza pandemic in Switzerland
Wyss, Kaspar
Report established by the Swiss Tropical Institute on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for Public Health, Basel, 15 pages
Verbreitung der Direktsaat in der Schweiz
Ledermann, Thomas, Ledermann, Thomas
Agrarforschung 15(8):408-413 Download
Management Plan for the Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Site
Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Association,
Naters and Interlaken (Switzerland), Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Association This Management Plan outlines measures to ensure the long-term preservation of the unique Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn (JAB) World Heritage Site and discusses ways in which its value can be leveraged by the surrounding region. The Management Plan addresses all groups within the administration, the general population, the business sector and civil society who are involved and interested in the protection and use of the World Heritage Site and its surrounding region. It represents a binding obligation on the part of the JAB World Heritage Site Association to initiate and coordinate the implementation process. Available for download and purchase from: Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Association
Positionen im Aushandlungsprozess nachhaltiger Entwicklung
Aerni, Isabel
Master's Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland
Regionalisierungen: Fallbeispiel Biosphäre Entlebuch
Müller, Urs
In autumn 2000 the population of the Entlebuch decidedly voted for its candidature as a UNESCO biosphere reserve. In the following year this label was granted and thus the Entlebuch became a model region for sustainable development. This article analyses the factors that made the self-determined regionalisation as a biosphere reserve possible and focuses on the role of visual images. The case study shows clearly that ‹the power of images› is strongly dependent on the context in which the images are embedded. In the Entlebuch images were avoided that have a potential for conflict (i.e. those referring to past conflicting issues). Rather images were published, which had an integrative effect on the broader public. This view from within, which emphasises economic activities and aspects of the living space is in stark contrast to the clichéd outside view as a harmonic and nature space that was published in supra-regional media. In: Backhaus N & Müller-Böker U, Editors. 2006. Gesellschaft und Raum: Konzepte, Kategorien. Human Geography Series Vol. 22, Zurich: Department of Geography, University of Zurich, pp 53-71.
On- and Off-site Effectiveness of Soil and Water Conservation in Switzerland
Schneider , Flurina
Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of Swiss Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART. Download
La contribution des biens naturels du Patrimoine Mondial au développement régional durable: Deux études de cas dans le Nord et le Sud
Wiesmann, Urs
Les sites naturels du Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn et du Mont Kenya sont tous deux inscrits au Patrimoine Mondial de l'Unesco. Dans le cas de Grindelwald, le paysage culturel est plus menacé que le paysage naturel protégé du patrimoine mondial, alors que dans le cas du système des hautes et basses terres du Mont Kenya, l'important potentiel en ressources subit une forte pression anthropique. Dans les pays du Nord, où l'apport à une conscience régionale identitaire de la population peut revêtir une importance considérable, la contribution des biens naturels du patrimoine mondial au développement régional durable est probablement plus élevée en termes socioculturels. Dans les pays du Sud, le statut de patrimoine mondial peut assurer la protection des paysages naturels d'un point de vue écologique, mais les pertes potentielles encourues par la population en termes de production primaire ne sont compensées que de façon très limitée. Revue de géographie alpine 92(3):73-83.
Tourismus – Schlüssel zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung.
Wiesmann, Urs
Die Alpen zählen zu den bedeutendsten Erholungs- und Urlaubsgebieten Europas. In der Welterbe-Region ist der Tourismus im Laufe des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts zur Schlüsselbranche der Volkswirtschaft geworden. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Hintergründe der touristischen Entwicklung auf und stellt die Vielfalt und räumliche Verteilung der Tourismusindustrie in der Welterbe-Region dar. Daraus wird abgeleitet, welche Herausforderung und Chancen sich für die Region im Zusammenhang mit dem Welterbe ergeben. In: Wallner A, Bäschlin E, Grosjean M, Labhart T, Schüpbach U, Wiesmann U, editors. 2007. Welt der Alpen – Erbe der Welt. UNESCO Welterbe-Region Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn. Jahrbuch der Geographischen Gesellschaft Bern, Band 62. Bern: Haupt Verlag, pp. 221-240. Available from: Haupt
Die Macht der Bilder: Ihre Rolle bei der nachhaltigen Landschaftsentwicklung.
Backhaus, Norman
Im Forschungsprojekt «Die Macht der Bilder» wurde untersucht, wie zwei Regionen anlässlich der Umsetzung von Naturschutzvorhaben visuell präsentiert wurden. Die bei den Beispielregionen «Biosphäre Entlebuch» (UBE) und «Weltnaturerbe Iungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn» (JAB) streben eine nachhaltige Entwicklung an. Es konnte aufgearbeitet werden, wie die Vorhaben bzw. das abstrakte Konzept nachhaltiger Entwicklung in Printmedien veranschaulicht und der Bevölkerung vennittelt wurde. Weil eine grosse Mehrheit der Stimmberechtigten den Vorhaben zugestimmt hat, konnten erfolgreiche Beispiele der Kommunikation nachhaltiger Entwicklung untersucht werden. Es wurden 800 Bilder mit einer eigens entwickelten Bildanalysemethode ausgeweliet. Die Resultate zeigen Unterschiede zwischen «Innensicht» und «Aussensicht», aber auch die Veränderung von Sichtweisen. Schliesslich wurden davon Empfehlungen für die Praxis partizipativer Prozesse abgeleitet. <In: Buchecker M, Frick J, Tobias S, editors. Gesellschaftliche Ansprüche an den Lebens- und Erholungsraum: Eine praxisorientierte Synthese der Erkenntnisse aus zwei Forschungsprogrammen. Birmensdorf: WSL, pp. 67-70. Order from: IDS University of Zurich
Die Erweiterung des Schweizerischen Nationalparks
Müller, Urs
"It seems to be increasingly recognised worldwide that the aims of nature conservation or of regional planning can only be achieved with adequate involvement of the concerned communities themselves. This article analyses the social processes during the proposed extension of the Swiss National Park between 1996 and 2000 from a participatory viewpoint. It is based on an analysis of relevant newspaper articles and in-depth interviews with representatives of involved stakeholders. Considering that participation is a very popular, yet contested term, we distinguish between normative (i.e., the aim is participation) and instrumental (i.e., the aim is to achieve predefined goals) participation, notions that supplement rather than exclude each other. While the local population rejected the majority of the proposed extensions of the Park, results show that this should not be perceived as a failure of the process. That the outcome was not perceived by local people to be satisfactory could be explained by the lack of awareness of the basic principles of participatory processes, like openness and transparency of planning, a sufficient timeframe, and independent mediation. These organisational shortcomings resulted in fundamental opposition from groups of local stakeholders and constrained the future development potential of the region." DISP 2004, Vol. 159, No. 4,pp. 44-51
What does sustainable development look like? Visions of two Swiss UNESCO regions.
Backhaus, Norman
The establishment of a nature reserve usually means a change of access to the area and its resources. Therefore, anticipated constraints for the use of resources can lead to opposition against nature conservation projects. Hence, bottom up initiated and broadly accepted conservation areas are rare, because different actors or stakeholders have different mental images about what their region should look like. Such images are expressed in written texts and visual publications. Visual images that have an influence on people’s “images in the head” play an important role for the structuration of landscape and the potential of appropriation of space. This includes the landscape’s potential for tourism, production, and formation as a living space. People’s actions are grounded in the meanings they attribute to things. These meanings are constructions and elements of social structures that are widely shared. In: Siegrist D, Clivaz C, Hunziker M, Iten S, editors. Exploring the Nature of Management. Rapperswil, pp. 272-274. Download from Zora, University of Zurich
Negotiating sustainable regional development – the relevance of meaningful spaces in times of change.
Liechti, Karina
PhD Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland The thesis contributes to an improved understanding of how the ecological dimension becomes manifest in the negotiation of sustainable regional development, how meanings about an issue under negotiation are constructed, and whose ascribed meanings are decisive in concretising a way forward.
Weltnaturerberegion Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn
Thurnheer, Olivier
Master's Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland
Regionalentwicklung – Heterogener Lebens- und Wirtschaftsraum
Aerni, Isabel
Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt: Wissenschaftler/Innen berichten über ihre Ergebnisse und Erkenntnisse aus der Alpen- und der globalen Gebirgsforschung. Es geht um die aktuelle Dynamik und Langzeitsignale, um Risikomanagement und Nachhaltigkeit, aber auch um Mythen und Lebensalltag sowie um Autonomie und Fremdbestimmung im globalen Zusammenhang. Jeder dieser vier Themenbereiche wird mit einem Einführungsartikel eingeleitet und beinhaltet zwei Beiträge aus den Alpen sowie zwei weitere entweder aus den Anden, dem Karakorum, Kaukasus, Himalaja, den Berggebieten in Ostafrika, Lesotho oder Neuseeland. Nach dem von der UNO proklamierten «Internationalen Jahr der Berge» stellt sich die Frage, was die Geographie leisten kann, um zur nachhaltigeren Entwicklung der Gebirgsräume in einer globalisierten Welt beizutragen. In: Wallner, A., Bäschlin, E., Grosjean, M., Labhart, T., Schüpbach, U., Wiesmann, U., editors. 2007. Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt. UNESCO Welterbe-Region Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn. Bern: Haupt, pp. 185-195 Order this publication from: Haupt
Institutions and mechanisms regulating Swiss alpine pasture use and the marketing of pastoral products.
Fokou, Gilbert
A characterization of the Swiss agriculture could be possible only by trying to get a clear understanding of various state policies and implementations levels; the exposure of Swiss farming system to global change; the identity of farmers; the perception of Swiss citizens on this category of population to whom a large amount of money from their taxes is paid. Only this clear understanding of the multifaceted dimensions and dynamics of the Swiss agriculture could contribute to drawing lessons that Switzerland could teach or learn from other people in the world. This is the exercise we tried to do in a research project conducted in the Swiss Alps by an international research team from three continents (Africa, Asia, and Europe), aiming at understanding institutions and mechanisms regulating Swiss alpine pasture use. This report presents the remarks and interim results of an interdisciplinary team involving four researchers working on pasture management. Download
Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt: Einführung
Wallner, Astrid
Welt der Alpen – Erbe der Welt: Wissenschaftler/Innen berichten über ihre Ergebnisse und Erkenntnisse aus der Alpen- und der globalen Gebirgsforschung. Es geht um die aktuelle Dynamik und Langzeitsignale, um Risikomanagement und Nachhaltigkeit, aber auch um Mythen und Lebensalltag sowie um Autonomie und Fremdbestimmung im globalen Zusammenhang. Jeder dieser vier Themenbereiche wird mit einem Einführungsartikel eingeleitet und beinhaltet zwei Beiträge aus den Alpen sowie zwei weitere entweder aus den Anden, dem Karakorum, Kaukasus, Himalaja, den Berggebieten in Ostafrika, Lesotho oder Neuseeland. Nach dem von der UNO proklamierten «Internationalen Jahr der Berge» stellt sich die Frage, was die Geographie leisten kann, um zur nachhaltigeren Entwicklung der Gebirgsräume in einer globalisierten Welt beizutragen. In: Wallner A, Bäschlin E, Grosjean M, Labhart T, Schüpbach U, Wiesmann U, editors. 2007. Welt der Alpen – Erbe der Welt. UNESCO Welterbe-Region Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn. Jahrbuch der Geographischen Gesellschaft Bern, Band 62. Bern: Haupt Verlag, pp 11-22. Available for purchase from: Haupt
Stakeholder Responses to Climate Change in the Swiss Alps
Hill, Margot
Master's Thesis, Imperial College London, UK The Alps will experience some of the most pronounced effects of climate change due to a combination of their latitudinal positioning, altitude and unique eco-systems, placing socioeconomic stresses on alpine communities, particularly those that rely on seasonal tourism. How stakeholders need to respond to climate change within the Alps has been well documented in the academic literature, with studies focussing on measures to minimise damage on winter ski tourism and from increased natural hazards. During the winter of 2006/2007 there was increasing academic and media attention on the ability of mountain areas to maintain successful winter tourism. Studies into tourism adaptation within the Swiss Alps have so far focussed on the adaptation options and needs of different stakeholders. These concepts of adaptation measures were tested on stakeholders from the private and public sector within two case study areas within the Swiss Alps, both part of the communes of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Jungfrau Aletsch Bietschorn. The qualitative methodology aimed to better ascertain the barriers to adaptation that local communities faced. Download
Commentary - Save Darfur: A Movement and its Discontents
Lanz, David
African Affairs 108 (433): 1-9. Order from oxfordjournal.org
Collaborative research in the development of organic agriculture in Switzerland - a case study
Aeberhard, Andrea
In: Daub CH, Burger P, Scherrer Y, editors. Creating Values for Sustainable Development. Proceedings of the 2nd International Sustainability Conference. Basel, pp 209-211